Cephalonia or Kefalonia (Greek: Κεφαλονιά or Κεφαλλονιά), formerly also known as Kefallinia or Kephallenia (Κεφαλληνία), is the largest of the Ionian Islands in western Greece. It is also a separate regional unit of the Ionian Islands region, and the only municipality of the regional unit. The capital of Cephalonia is Argostoli. The island is about 781 km2 (300 mi2), with a population density of 55 people per km2 (140/mi2). The town of Argostoli has one-third of the island's inhabitants. Lixouri is the second major settlement, and the two towns together account for almost two-thirds of the prefecture's population. Cephalonia lies in the heart of an earthquake zone, and dozens of minor, unrecorded tremors occur each year. In 1953, a massive earthquake destroyed almost all of the settlements on the island, leaving only Fiskardo in the north untouched. Important natural features include Melissani Lake, the Drogarati caves, and the Koutavos Lagoon in Argostoli. The island has a rich biodiversity, with a substantial number of endemic and rare species. Some areas have been declared a site in the European Union’s Natura 2000 network.
Lixouri (Greek, Modern: Ληξούρι, Katharevousa: Ληξούριον) is the main town on the peninsula of Paliki in the island of Kefalonia, one of the Ionian Islands of western Greece. Lixouri is the second largest community in Kefalonia after Argostoli and before Sami and is the capital of the small peninsula. It is located south of Fiskardo, west of Argostoli. In the region of Paliki, whose capital is Lixouri, there are many beautiful beaches, such as Petani, Xi, Atheras, Platia Ammos etc. It is a city that impresses visitors because of its natural beauty. According to one theory, the English researchers, there are strong indications that a few kilometers from Lixouri was the palace of Homeric Ithaca Odysseus. In villages of Lixouri (Kontogennada) Monopolata, Schinias had discovered Mycenaean tombs (mainly by the archaeologist S.Marinato), but which, unfortunately, is still unknown if rescued.
The lush green Ionian island has everything, but especially the beaches of covering every taste and every requirement. Cosmic or desert, next to the towns and villages or remote, renowned worldwide laurels and prizes or more "humble", but also many unknown, with unique beauty, waiting to be discovered. Read here more.
The island offers the opportunity for many interesting activities if Kefalonia is one of the most tourist islands and has great natural wealth. Read here more.